Kidney Transplant in India

Here's all things you need to know about doing a Kidney Transplant Procedure in India:

  • Kidney Transplantation: Eligibility, Types of Donors, Matching Process.
  • The Process
    • Pre-Transplant Evaluation
    • The Transplant Procedure
    • Post-Transplant Care
    • Risks and Complications
    • Support for Donors
  • Types of Doctors Involved in Kidney Transplants
  • Cost of Kidney Transplant in India
  • Top 10 Hospitals in India for Kidney Transplant Procedure
  • Top 10 Kidney Transplant Surgeons in India
  • Why you should Choose India for Kidney Transplant

Understanding Kidney Transplant

A kidney transplant is a life-saving procedure for individuals with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) or chronic kidney failure. It involves replacing a diseased kidney with a healthy one from a living or deceased donor. 

1. Eligibility for Kidney Transplant

Not all patients with kidney failure are suitable candidates for a transplant. Factors such as overall health, the presence of other medical conditions, and age play a crucial role. Thus, the health profile of the patient (recepient) needs to be evaluated fully by the experts to consider his or her fitness for a transplant.

2. Types of Donors

  1. Living Donors: Can be family members, friends, or altruistic donors.

    However, most countries have now placed restrictions on altruistic donors possibly to curb the menace of organ trafficking.

    Hence, as of date, in India, organs can only be donated by first degree family members, spouses (near relative), and in some cases, by second-degree family members, if there is not suitable donor among first degree members.

    To know more, read: First Degree, Second Degree & Near Relative in Organ Transplant

  2. Deceased Donors: Organs from individuals who have passed away but have consented to donate their organs.

    These are maintained by national organ registry and priority is given to a country’s own citizens. It is extremely difficult to get an organ from the national donor registry considering that there are very high number of applicants and very limited donor organs available.

3. Matching Process

Successful transplants require compatibility between the donor and recipient. This includes blood type matching and tissue typing.

*Formerly, kidney transplants were possible only with matching donors. However, these days, even ABO incompatible (non-matching blood group) transplants are also done in India and few other advanced countries. 

  • Medical Assessment: Comprehensive health checks to ensure the patient can withstand surgery and post-transplant care.
  • Psychosocial Evaluation: Assessing mental and emotional readiness for the transplant process.

To know more on pre-transplant investigations, read: Pre- Kidney Transplant Investigations

3. The Transplant Procedure

  • Surgery: The diseased kidney is left in place unless it causes complications. The new kidney is placed in the lower abdomen.
  • Recovery: Hospital stay typically ranges from a few days to a week, followed by several weeks of close monitoring.

To know more, Read: Kidney Transplant Procedure

4. Post-Transplant Care

  • Medications: Lifelong immunosuppressants are necessary to prevent rejection of the new kidney.
  • Follow-Up Visits: Regular check-ups are crucial to monitor kidney function and overall health.
  • Lifestyle Adjustments: Diet and exercise play vital roles in maintaining kidney health and overall well-being.

 

5. Risks and Complications

  • Rejection: The body may recognize the new kidney as foreign and attack it. To avoid that, immunosuppresants are given lifelong. 
  • Infections: Immunosuppressants increase the risk of infections.
  • Other Complications: Risk of high blood pressure, diabetes, and other side effects related to long-term medication use.

6. Support for Donors

  • Evaluation: Thorough medical and psychological evaluations ensure the donor’s safety.
  • Surgery and Recovery: The donor’s kidney is removed laparoscopically, resulting in a shorter recovery time.
  • Post-Donation Care: Follow-up appointments to monitor the donor’s health.

The Kidney Transplant Specialists

A successful kidney transplant requires a multidisciplinary team of healthcare professionals:

  1. Nephrologist: Specializes in kidney care and oversees the patient’s treatment before and after the transplant.
  2. Transplant Surgeon: Performs the transplant surgery and manages the patient’s surgical care. The Transplant surgeon is generally a senior urologist with special training in kidney translantation.
  3. Anesthesiologist: Manages anesthesia during the surgery.
  4. Transplant Coordinator: Organizes the transplant process, including matching donors and recipients.
  5. Immunologist: Monitors the immune response and manages immunosuppressive therapy.
  6. Psychologist/Psychiatrist: Provides mental health support to patients and donors throughout the process.
  7. Dietitian: Helps manage dietary needs before and after the transplant.

Cost of Kidney Transplant in India

India has become a popular destination for medical tourism, particularly for kidney transplants, due to its advanced medical facilities and significantly lower costs compared to Western countries.

1. Tentative Cost:

  • The cost of a kidney transplant in India ranges from $13,000 to $16,000 for compatible transplants. This includes pre-transplant evaluation, surgery, hospital stay, medications, and follow-up care.

2. Comparison to Western Countries:

  • In the United States, the cost can exceed $300,000, while in the UK, it can range from $80,000 to $100,000.
  • The lower cost in India is attributed to lower operational and labor costs, but it does not compromise the quality of care.
  • Indian hospitals offering kidney transplants are often accredited by international organizations such as Joint Commission International (JCI) and National Accreditation Board for Hospitals & Healthcare Providers (NABH).
  • Many Indian surgeons and healthcare professionals are trained and experienced internationally.

Top 10 Kidney Translant Hospitals in India

Here are the most reputed hospitals in India for Kidney Transplant Procedure:

Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, New Delhi

Hospital Highlights:

  • Indraprastha Apollo Hospital is a 700-bedded multispecialty hospital in the heart of the capital of India. It is a part of Apollo Hospital group, one of India’s most reputed healthcare chains. Indraprastha Apollo Hospital has been accredited by Joint Commission International, making it the first internationally accredited hospital in the country in 2005.
  • There are 52 specialties in the hospital with one of the best cardiology centers in the country. The hospital is also equipped with State of the art infrastructure facilities with the largest Sleep Lab in Asia and the largest number of ICU bed facilities in India.
  • The hospital also has one of the largest dialysis units in India along with a dedicated BMT unit.
  • The latest and highly advanced technologies that are installed in the hospital include Da Vinci Robotic Surgery System, PET-MR, PET-CT, Cobalt-based HDR Brachytherapy, Brain Lab Navigation System, Tilting MRI, Portable CT scanner, 3 Tesla MRI, 128 Slice CT scanner, DSA Lab, Endosonography, Hyperbaric Chamber and Fibro scan.

Fortis Memorial Research Institute, Gurugram

Hospital Highlights:

  • Fortis Memorial Research Institute is a multi-super-specialty, quaternary care hospital with 1000 beds. The hospital comprises reputed clinicians, and international faculty and is also equipped with cutting-edge technology. The hospital is a part of Fortis Healthcare Limited, a reputed chain of private hospitals in India.
  • It is a NABH-accredited hospital that is spread across 11 acres of land and has a capacity of 1000 beds. The hospital has 55 specialties and is one of the premier health care centers in the Asia Pacific region popularly known as “the Mecca of Healthcare”.
  • The hospital has 260 diagnostic centers and is also equipped with the latest and advanced techniques that include 3 Telsa which is the world’s first Digital MRI technology. The hospital also has world-class Radiation Therapy techniques which have been developed by leading technology experts from Elekta and Brain Lab.

Apollo Hospital, Chennai

Hospital Highlights:

  • Apollo Hospitals, Chennai, is one of the best hospitals for heart care in India. Over the years, Apollo has expanded all over India, as a healthcare chain.
  • India’s first ‘Only Pancreas’ transplant was performed in Apollo Hospital. The hospital is known for successfully performing Asia’s first en-bloc combined heart and liver transplant, and over the years, it has attained a remarkable achievement in the global healthcare space. Around 3-4 organ transplants are performed in the hospital per day.
  • Equipped with over 500 beds, this hospital in Chennai was established in 1983 and since then has been among the most preferred hospital for patients from all over the world.
  • The hospital holds accreditation of the NABH and JCI and is the first hospital in India to be ISO 9001 and ISO 14001 certified. It is also the first South Indian Hospital to receive subsequent reaccreditation from the JCI USA 4 times.

Medanta-The Medicity, Gurgaon

Hospital Highlights:

  • One of India’s best and largest multi-specialty hospitals, Medanta was built with the aim to bring India to the highest standards of medical care. The hospital has been providing the best medical services to its patients, since its inception, with care, commitment, and compassion.
  • Equipped with 1250 beds, the hospital was founded by Dr. Naresh Trehan in the year 2009 with an aim to provide the best medical care at affordable costs. The hospital is spread across 43 acres and includes 45 operation theatres and 350 beds dedicated solely to ICU. The hospital includes over 800 doctors, and more than 22 specialty departments and has a dedicated floor for individual specialty in order to offer the best services under one roof.
  • The hospital is considered one of the premier institutes in India for Cardiac Care and includes staffs and members of high caliber. The hospital has 6 distinct centers of excellence.

Max Super Specialty Hospital, New Delhi

Hospital Highlights:

  • One of the well-regarded providers in India committed to the highest standards of clinical excellence and patient care, Max Super Specialty Hospital is a part of Max Healthcare, which is the second-largest healthcare chain in India. Regarded as one of the most well-regarded healthcare providers in the country, Max Super Specialty Hospital is committed to the highest standards of clinical excellence as well as patient care. The hospital is also equipped with the latest technology as well as cutting-edge research. The hospital is known to deliver and ensure the highest level of patient care.
  • The hospital has more than 500 beds and offers treatment for over 35 specialties. The hospital also holds the credit of having installed the first Brain Suite in Asia. This is a highly advanced Neurosurgical machine that allows MRI to be taken while surgery is ongoing.
  • Other advanced and latest technologies are also installed in the hospital such as the 1.5 Tesla MRI machine, 64 Slice CT Angiography, 4D ECHO, LINAC, and 3.5T MRI machine.

BLK Max Super Specialty Hospital, New Delhi

Hospital Highlights:

  • Equipped with 650 beds, BLK-Max Super Speciality Hospital is the largest stand-alone private sector hospital in Delhi.
  • With over 1500 healthcare providers and 150 globally renowned super specialists, the hospital is one of Asia’s largest BMT Centres. The hospital is known for having some of the best cancer doctors in the country.
  • The hospital is NABH and NABL accredited and was inaugurated by the first Prime Minister of India. Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru.

Gleneagles Global Hospitals, Chennai

Hospital Highlights:

  • Established in 1999, Gleneagles Global Hospital, Chennai, is one of the top healthcare facilities in Southern India. It is part of the Gleneagles Hospital Chain, which is the fourth largest healthcare chain in the country. The hospital specializes in multi-organ transplants of kidneys, liver, lungs, heart, etc.
  • The hospital has an excellent infrastructure and state-of-the-art lab and equipment set-up. The hospital boasts cutting-edge technologies, a highly skilled team of doctors and surgeons, and trained support staff. Located in Perumbakam, Chennai, it is one of India’s premier health care destinations. The hospital has performed some of the most complex surgical and clinical procedures in India including multi-organ transplantations.
  • The hospital’s lung transplantation program is one of the best in the country. The hospital is known for having performed India’s first single lung transplant and first minimal invasive lung transplant. It is also the only Indian hospital to be associated with King’s College Hospital, London, United Kingdom for liver transplantations.

Fortis Hospital, Mulund, Mumbai

Hospital Highlights:

  • Fortis Hospital in Mulund is a 315-bed multi-speciality tertiary care hospital with five JCI accreditations that offers a wide variety of diagnostic and therapeutic services. The Fortis Hospital in Mulund delivers patient-centred treatment with cutting-edge technology, highly skilled and experienced surgeons, and paramedical staff.
  • This institution houses Maharashtra’s largest multi-organ transplant centre. It is also the first heart transplant centre in western India to conduct 100 or more consecutive heart transplants in under four years. It is the only hospital in the city to have multi-organ transplants and has handled the youngest patient for angioplasty. Fortis Hospital Mulund now boasts the first advanced surgical robot in central Mumbai.
  • Cardiology and heart surgery, urology, nephrology, neurosciences, orthopaedics, digestive care, emergency and critical care, and maternity care are among the services provided by the hospital.

Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, Mumbai

Hospital Highlights:

  • Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, Named after the wife of Indian industrialist Dhirubhai Ambani, the founder of Reliance Industries, this is one of the top hospitals in Mumbai. This 750-bed multi-specialty hospital became operational in 2009. Known as one of India’s most advanced tertiary care facilities, the hospital is designed to raise India’s global standing as a healthcare hub, with an emphasis on excellence in clinical services.
  • Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital uses Protocol and Care Pathway based treatment models to ensure the best outcomes for patients.
  • The hospital represents a confluence of top-notch talent, cutting-edge technology, state-of-the-art infrastructure, and, most importantly commitment.
  • The hospital also holds the accreditation of the NABH, NABL, CAP, and JCI.
  • The hospital has been recognized as the No. 1 Multispecialty Hospital in Mumbai and the West Zone for the fifth year in a row in 2020 by The Week.

Fortis Escorts Hospital, New Delhi

Hospital Highlights:

  • Over the last 33 years, the Fortis Escorts Heart Institute has set new standards in cardiac treatment with groundbreaking research. It is now known around the world as a centre of expertise for Cardiac Bypass Surgery, Interventional Cardiology, Non-invasive Cardiology, Paediatric Cardiology, and Paediatric Cardiac Surgery.
  • The hospital has cutting-edge laboratories that perform a wide range of diagnostic tests in Nuclear Medicine, Radiology, Biochemistry, Haematology, Transfusion Medicine, and Microbiology.
  • Fortis Escorts Heart Institute boasts a diverse group of bright and experienced doctors who are backed up by a team of highly qualified, experienced, and devoted support professionals as well as cutting-edge equipment such as the recently installed Dual CT Scan.
  • Approximately 200 cardiac doctors and 1600 personnel currently collaborate to manage over 14,500 admissions and 7,200 emergency situations each year. The hospital now has a 310-bed infrastructure, as well as five cath labs and a slew of other world-class amenities.

Top 10 Kidney Transplant Surgeons in India

Profile Highlights:

  • With more than 33 years of experience, Padma Shri awardee Dr. Sandeep Guleria is renowned for being the key member of the team that conducted the first two Kidney Pancreas Transplants in India.
  • Currently, he is a top-notch Kidney Transplant Specialist working at Indraprastha Apollo Hospitals, New Delhi.
  • He has worked as an additional professor, in the department of surgery at All India Institute of Medical Sciences. Currently, he is a senior consultant surgeon in General Surgery, GI Surgery, and transplantation.
  • Dr. Guleria puts emphasis on diet and lifestyle changes as they are quite an important part of treatment in treating early kidney diseases.
  • His special area of interest is organ transplantation. He has spent around two years in the United Kingdom at the Royal Free Hospital in London where he was actively involved in the renal transplant program. From London, he was appointed as a Transplant Fellow in the Academic Surgical Unit at St. James’s University Hospital. There, he trained extensively in liver, kidney, and pancreas transplantation.
  • Every year, he performs around about 70 live-related renal transplants.
    He also started a simultaneous kidney and Pancreas Transplant program in India and performed the first successful simultaneous kidney-pancreas transplant in the country.

Profile Highlights:

  • Dr. Vijaya Raja Kumari is one of the top laparoscopy & Renal Transplant surgeons in India with nearly 30 years of experience in the field.
  • She is skilled in handling complex, high-risk transplant surgeries, and post-transplant problems.
  • She offers non-surgical fat loss treatment in addition to aesthetic procedures. A major part of Dr. Vijaya Raja Kumari’s experience comes from Laparoscopic donor nephrectomy.

Profile Highlights:

  • Dr. Rajesh Ahlawat is one of India’s top kidney transplant surgeons, who has worked in leading Institutions in North India and has established successful Minimally Invasive Urology programs including Robotic Surgery and Kidney Transplant services with excellent outcomes comparable to the best in the world.
  • Throughout his career, Dr. Ahlawat has initiated and established four successful Urology and Renal Transplant programs in India

Profile Highlights:

  • Dr. Joseph Thachill is one of the best kidney transplant surgeons in India.
  • He has a record of having performed the Largest number of Transplants in the country.
  • Due to his achievements, Dr. Joseph Thachill has also been awarded the Golden Richard’s Fellowship of Canada.
  • He is also a member of the Canadian Urological Association as well as the American Urological Association.

Profile Highlights:

  • With over 30 years of experience, Dr. Bejoy Abraham has worked as a consultant at premier institutes such as CMC, Vellore, and Addenbrookes Hospital, Cambridge, UK.
  • He has vast experience in kidney transplant, management of kidney stones, cancer conditions of the bladder, reconstructive urology,  erectile dysfunction as well as Pediatric urology.

Profile Highlights:

  • Dr. Anant Kumar is one of the finest urology and kidney transplant doctors in India.
  • Dr. Kumar specializes in Kidney Transplantation, Robotic Assisted Laparoscopic Urology, Renovascular Hypertension, Laparoscopic Urology, Urological Oncology, Laser Urological Surgery, and Reconstructive Urology.
  • He has performed over 3500 kidney transplants and over 2000 lap donor nephrectomy procedures over the span of 3 decades.

Profile Highlights:

  • Dr. Sanjay Gogoi is a renowned Urologist with over 20 years of experience, He is an expert in minimally invasive transplant techniques of Laparoscopic and Robotic-Assisted Transplantation.
  • He is also trained in Robotic surgery at da Vinci Training Center, Intuitive Surgical, California. With over six years of experience in doing Robotic Cancer surgeries on the Kidney, Bladder, Prostate, Adrenal, etc., Dr. Sanjay Gogoi is an expert in Robotic reconstructive procedures of kidneys, ureters, and bladder, as well, as in adults as well as pediatric patients.

Why Choose India for Kidney Transplant?

  1. Advanced Medical Infrastructure: State-of-the-art hospitals equipped with the latest technology and facilities.
  2. Experienced Medical Professionals: Highly skilled doctors and surgeons with extensive experience in performing kidney transplants.
  3. Cost-Effective Treatment: Significant cost savings without compromising on the quality of care.
  4. Comprehensive Care: Holistic approach including pre- and post-transplant care, psychological support, and dietary management.

    With experienced medical professionals, state-of-the-art facilities, and comprehensive care, India stands out as a premier destination for kidney transplants. Prospective patients, donors, and their families can expect a high standard of medical care and support throughout the transplant process.

WHO WE ARE

Ginger Healthcare  is a reputed medical assistance company dedicated to revolutionizing healthcare services for international patients in India. With a steadfast commitment to excellence, innovation, and patient-centric care, we stand at the forefront of the medical tourism industry, providing comprehensive and personalized healthcare solutions to individuals and families from around the globe.

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