VP Shunt Procedure in India

What we have covered in this article:

  • What is VP Shunt?
  • When is VP Shunt procedure needed?
  • How is VP Shunt procedure done?
  • Things to know about VP Shunt Procedure
  • Who does VP Shunt Procedure?
  • Investigations required for VP Shunt Procedure
  • Tentative cost of VP Shunt Procedure in India
  • Top Hospitals for VP Shunt Procedure in India
  • Top Doctors for VP Shunt Procedure in India
  • How we help international patients get treatment in India.

What is VP Shunt?

A Ventriculoperitoneal (VP) Shunt is a neurosurgical procedure designed to treat hydrocephalus, a condition characterized by the buildup of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) within the brain’s ventricles. This surgical intervention involves implanting a shunt system to divert excess CSF from the brain to another part of the body, alleviating pressure and preventing potential damage to brain tissue.

When is VP Shunt Procedure Needed?

VP Shunt procedure is typically recommended in the following cases:

  • Hydrocephalus: When there is an abnormal accumulation of CSF in the brain, leading to increased intracranial pressure (ICP) and potentially causing symptoms such as headaches, nausea, vomiting, and cognitive impairment.
  • Congenital Hydrocephalus: Present at birth due to developmental abnormalities.
  • Acquired Hydrocephalus: Resulting from conditions such as brain tumors, infections (e.g., meningitis), hemorrhages (e.g., intraventricular hemorrhage), or traumatic brain injury.

How is VP Shunt Procedure Done?

The VP Shunt procedure involves several key steps:

  • Incision: The neurosurgeon makes a small incision in the scalp to access the ventricles of the brain.
  • Catheter Placement: A catheter (thin tube) is carefully inserted into one of the brain’s ventricles to drain excess CSF.
  • Valve Placement: A valve system, which regulates the flow of CSF, is connected to the catheter. This valve is typically placed under the skin behind the ear or on the chest.
  • Shunt Placement: Another catheter is tunnelled under the skin from the valve site down to the abdomen (peritoneal cavity), where the excess CSF is safely redirected for reabsorption.
  • Adjustments and Testing: The shunt system is tested to ensure proper drainage and regulation of CSF flow. Adjustments may be made to the valve settings as needed.

Things to Know about VP Shunt Procedure

  • Long-term Management: Regular follow-up visits are essential to monitor shunt function and prevent complications such as infections, blockages, or valve malfunction.
  • Potential Risks: Complications can include shunt infections, blockages requiring surgical revision, over-drainage or under-drainage of CSF, and rare complications like abdominal complications or valve failures.
  • Lifestyle Considerations: Patients with VP Shunts may need to avoid certain physical activities and undergo routine imaging studies (e.g., X-rays) to monitor shunt function over time.

Who Performs VP Shunt Procedure?

  • Neurosurgeons: Specialize in treating conditions affecting the brain and spinal cord. Responsible for precise placement of VP shunt components to manage hydrocephalus.
  • Pediatric Neurosurgeons (for Pediatric Cases): Specialize in neurosurgical care for children. Have additional training in managing pediatric hydrocephalus cases. Ensure optimal treatment outcomes in younger patients.
  • Interventional Radiologists (for Complex Cases): Specialists who provide imaging guidance during VP shunt placement. They assist in navigating catheters and ensuring precise shunt placement. 

Investigations Required for VP Shunt Procedure

Before undergoing VP Shunt surgery, patients typically undergo:

  • Computerized tomography (CT) scan
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
  • CSF Analysis

Tentative Cost of VP Shunt Procedure in India

The cost of VP Shunt procedure in India varies depending on the hospital, surgeon’s expertise, and specific medical needs of the patient. On average, the procedure can range from approximately USD 5,000 to USD 10,000, making India a cost-effective destination for international patients seeking high-quality neurosurgical care.

*Please note: This is a very general range of costs only. VP Shunt procedure depends on various factors, and every patient is treated with unique treatment protocol. Hence, it is impossible to give an exact cost estimate for VP Shunt procedure. However, you can share your latest reports (for list of investigations required for VP Shunt procedure, please check above), and we can discuss with the best doctors here to give you the best possible cost estimate for treatment.

Top Hospitals for VP Shunt Procedure in India

Top Doctors for VP Shunt Procedure in India

1. Top Neurosurgeons for VP Shunt Procedure in India

Profile Highlights:

  • Dr. Sandeep Vaishya is a renowned Neurosurgeon in India, with over 22 years of proficient experience in the field of advanced neurosurgery.
  • He has closely worked with some of the top-notch institutes and hospitals in India.
  • Dr. Vaishya is regarded as one of the top surgeons of Gamma Knife Surgery in South Africa and is also considered a renowned surgeon for brachial plexus injuries.
  • Additionally, Dr. Vaishya specializes in minimally invasive and image-guided neurosurgery, intracranial tumor surgery (including skull base tumors), functional neurosurgery, spinal surgery, and brachial plexus & peripheral nerve surgery.

Profile Highlights:

  • Dr. Aditya Gupta is one of the top Neurosurgeons in India functioning as the Chairperson of the Department of Neurosurgery & CNS Radiosurgery and Co-Chief of Cyberknife Centre at the Artemis Hospitals in Gurugram, India.
  • He is renowned for pioneering advanced surgical techniques in treating various brain tumors, specializing in microsurgery and radiosurgery. His expertise extends to managing Movement Disorders with Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS), epilepsy surgery, nerve and brachial plexus surgeries, as well as treating brain aneurysms and AVMs. He is also highly skilled in spine surgery, having performed a wide range of procedures.
  • Dr. Gupta graduated as a topper from All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi. He later served as Faculty and Associate Professor of Neurosurgery until 2009.

Profile Highlights:

  • Dr. Sudhir Dubey is a leading Neurosurgeon whose primary area of specialization is Endoscopic Neurosurgery and has been perfecting the procedure since 1998. He has also developed various new Endoneurosurgery techniques for surgeries on the brain, spine, and skull.
  • He holds an experience of more than 2 decades in neurosurgery and finds interest in skull base surgery, Pituitary tumor surgery, Brain Aneurysm surgery, CyberKnife Radiosurgery, and brain and spine tumor surgeries.

Profile Highlights:

  • Dr. Rana Patir is one of the most experienced and highly qualified Neurosurgeons in India.
  • He holds an extensive experience of 32+ years as a neurosurgeon and has performed more than 10,000 neurosurgical procedures till date.
  • Dr. Patir is an expert in all kinds of neuro and spine surgeries with a specialization in minimally invasive brain and spine surgery, Epilepsy surgery, pediatric neurosurgery, and neurovascular surgery.

Profile Highlights:

  • Dr. Bipin Walia is one of the most famous neurosurgeons who has performed over 7000 successful neurosurgeries so far.
  • Dr. Bipin Walia specializes in image-guided surgery, disc replacement, and endoscopic disc surgery, including endoscopic cranial surgery. His expertise also includes brain tumor surgery and a special focus on minimally invasive surgery for spinal tumors.
  • He earned his MBBS and MS (General Surgery) degree from Armed Forces Medical College, Pune, followed by which his, M.Ch(Neurosurgery) from All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi.
  • Dr. Bipin Walia has over 20 years of experience with his outstanding performance earning him quite some rewards and recognition.

Profile Highlights:

  • Dr. V P Singh is a renowned Neurosurgeon with over 30 years of veteran experience. His competence in cranial, spinal, and peripheral nerves has helped him successfully perform 400+ Intracranial Aneurysm surgical procedures.
  • Dr. Singh has also been credited for initiating the Gamma Knife Unit and epilepsy surgery program at All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi.
  • He is proactively involved in the treatment of arteriovenous malformations by radiosurgery techniques and is currently the chairman of the Institute of Neurosciences, Medanta.

Profile Highlights:

  • Dr. (Prof.) V S Mehta is a leading Neurosurgeon in India and is considered among the best neurosurgeons in the world.
  • He holds an experience of over 38 years in the field and is an expert in Brachial Plexus surgery, brain stam surgery, spinal tumor surgery, brain aneurysms, and brain tumor surgery.
  • He has been honored with the Padma Shri for his dedication and contributions to neurosurgery and spine surgery in India.
  • In Paras Dr. V S Mehta has been part of the team to first use the Image-Guided Brain Tumor Navigation Technology for Brain tumor surgery in India.

Profile Highlights:

  • Dr. Anil Kumar Kansal is a well-known neuro and spine surgeon in Delhi with over 2 decades of experience.
  • He has performed over 10,000 neurosurgical procedures including 4500 brain surgeries, 500 endoscopic brain surgeries, 2000 spine surgeries, 400 aneurysms, and 500 anterior cervical microdiscectomies with 60 disc replacement procedures.
  • Dr. Kansal holds great skills in aneurysm clippings, neuro-modulation, epilepsy, and neurovascular surgery and has handled several such types of cases in his career.

Profile Highlights:

  • Dr. Arun Saroha is a renowned Neurosurgeon with extensive experience in the surgical treatment of all kinds of brain and spine disorders.
  • He holds an experience of over 20 years in the field and has performed over 8000 neurosurgeries till date for different types of neuro and spinal diseases.
  • Dr. Saroha is an expert in minimally invasive spine surgery, neuro-onco surgery, trauma surgery and is also among the few neurosurgeons with expertise in Pediatric neurosurgery.
  • His interest lies in brain and spine disorders like degenerative spine disorder, brain tumorsdisc replacements, pediatric neurosurgery surgery for stroke, brain and spine tumor surgery, brain aneurysmsspinal fusion, and decompression surgery.

Profile Highlights:

  • Dr. M. Balamurugan is a well-known neurosurgeon in India with 25 years of experience.
  • Presently, he practices at Apollo Hospital, Greams Road, Apollo Specialty Cancer Hospital, and Apollo Children’s Hospital, Chennai.
  • Owing to his experience, Dr. Balamurugan assists in managing craniosynostosis, epilepsy, extradural hematoma, lumbar disc, lumbar spinal stenosis, metachromatic leukodystrophy,  multiple sclerosis,  peripheral neuropathy, scoliosis, seizures, trigeminal neuralgia, etc. He has expertise in managing brain tumors as well. Patients can consult him for Pediatric Neurosurgery.

Let Us Help You?

Avail Our Free Patient Assistance Service!

Our end-to-end patient assistance service ensures that you a get a smooth and hassle-free treatment experience in India. And we won’t charge you even a penny! Neither will your treatment cost increase by a dime! This is our gurantee!

Treatment Decision

Contact us, share your reports and let us know your preferences. Accordingly, one of our Patient Advisor will help you in taking opinions & estimates and choosing the best hospital as per your preferenes.

Treatment Assistance

Once you finalize hospital, our team will provide you Visa Invitation Letter. You will be received at the airport by our team and taken to the hospital. Your Support Associate or Interpreter will be there to assist you during your entire treatment.

Support Services

With Ginger Healthcare, you never have to worry about travel to a foreign country. Our carefully designed Patient Support Services ensures that you have a smooth experience in India right from arrival till departure.