Best Vaginal Cancer Doctors In India

Here are the most reputed surgical oncologists in India who have immense expertise in the treatment of gynaecological cancers like vaginal cancers, uterine cancers etc.

Profile Highlights:

  • Dr. Ramesh Sarin is one of the best surgical oncologists in India, with a mammoth experience of 49 years.
  • She is practicing as a Senior Consultant at Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, New Delhi.
  • Furthermore, the veteran oncologist focuses on managing breast cancer and related disorders like sentinel node biopsy.
  • She is also interested in Phyaryngeal Cancer, Uterine Cancer, Bladder Cancer, Cervical Cancer, Liver Cancer, Fallopian Tube Cancer, Bone Cancer, Lung Cancer, Colon and Rectal Cancer, Lymphedema, and Brain Cancer.
  • Dr. Sarin also founded the only podium to stage India’s oncology meeting.
  • She has also participated in several oncological pieces of research and authored numerous articles for medical journals.

Profile Highlights:

  • Dr. Feroz Pasha is one of the best oncology surgeons in Delhi. He is working as a senior consultant in Surgical Oncology at Indraprastha Apollo Hospitals, New Delhi.
  • In his overall experience of 35 years, he has 25 years of specialization. His primary interest lies in Uro- and Gynaeoncology procedures.
  • During his experience in Surgical Oncology, Dr. Pasha specialized in Port insertion and tumor ablation with radiofrequency.
  • He has attended numerous seminars and workshops.
  • Dr. Feroz Pasha has authored various medical papers and his cancer research studies published in prestigious medical journals.

Profile Highlights:

  • Dr. Usha Kumar is a veteran Gynaecologist and Obstetrician with over 25 years of proficient experience.
  • Having performed over 10,000 surgeries so far, Dr. Usha has also managed to establish herself as a top-notch gynecologist in India.
  • She is currently working as the Principal Consultant and Gynae Endoscopic surgeon at one of the most reputable medical institutes in India, Max Super Specialty Hospital.

Profile Highlights:

  • Dr. Rama Joshi is an extensively skilled and professional Gynae oncologist in India who specializes in Gyne onco surgery and Robotic surgery for ovarian and other gynecological cancers.
  • Dr. Joshi provides treatment and management for cancers of the ovaries, uterus, and cervix and performs all types of gynae onco surgeries.
  • She received her training in cancer surgery and robotic surgery from prestigious institutes in France and the USA.

Profile Highlights:

  • One of the finest oncologists in India, Dr. Ruqaya Ahmad Mir has been practicing surgical oncology for the past 20 years and is currently functioning as a Senior Consultant, Oncology at Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, New Delhi.
  • Dr. Ruqaya Mir is  known for her outstanding performance in some of the advanced surgical techniques which include Uterus and Ovary and Limb Conservation surgery and Cytoreductive surgery and Hyperthermic Intraperitoneal chemotherapy for advanced colorectal and recurrent ovarian malignancies.
  • She is also a well trained Robotic Surgeon practicing implementation of minimal invasion in surgical oncology.

Profile Highlights:

  • With an experience of 20 years, Dr. Buchun Mishra is a practicing gynecologist, who is proficient in performing gynae surgeries for ovarian cancer, uterine cancer, and cervical cancer.
  • She finished her MBBS in 1999 from Veer Surendra Sai Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Sambalpur, Odisha. She later completed her DNB in 2011 from Army Base Hospital, in New Delhi. In 2013, she completed her fellowship from Rajiv Gandhi Cancer Institute and Research Center, Delhi.

Profile Highlights:

  • Dr. Girish Kumar is a Surgical Oncologist whose expertise lies in the surgical treatment of both adult and pediatric cancer and provides services for head and neck, breast, GI, bone and soft tissue, urological, colorectal, and gynecological cancers.
  • Along with the surgical treatment of various types of cancers, Dr. Girish Kumar also provides pre and post-operative cancer care.
  • He has also trained a number of medical students in surgical oncology and continues to mentor postgraduate students.

Profile Highlights:

  • Dr. Yogesh Kulkarni is a well-known name in the field of Gynae Onco surgery.
  • He holds an experience of more than 22 years and has performed more than 2000 gyne oncological surgeries.
  • Dr. Yogesh Kulkarni has performed over 1000 gyne cancer surgeries in the hospital. He also holds the credit for 500 ovarian, 250 endometrial, 214 cervical cancer surgeries, and 144 robotic cancer surgeries at KDAH alone.
  • He gained popularity when he performed the first Reported Fertility Sparing Surgery for Cervical Carcinoma on a 4-year-old for clear cell cervical carcinoma

Best Vaginal Cancer Treatment Hospitals in India

Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, New Delhi

Hospital Highlights:

  • Indraprastha Apollo Hospital is a 700-bedded multispecialty hospital in the heart of the capital of India. It is a part of Apollo Hospital group, one of India’s most reputed healthcare chains. Indraprastha Apollo Hospital has been accredited by Joint Commission International, making it the first internationally accredited hospital in the country in 2005.
  • There are 52 specialties in the hospital with one of the best cardiology centers in the country. The hospital is also equipped with State of the art infrastructure facilities with the largest Sleep Lab in Asia and the largest number of ICU bed facilities in India.
  • The hospital also has one of the largest dialysis units in India along with a dedicated Bone Marrow Transplant unit.
  • The latest and highly advanced technologies that are installed in the hospital include Da Vinci Robotic Surgery System, PET-MR, PET-CT, Cobalt-based HDR Brachytherapy, Brain Lab Navigation System, Tilting MRI, Portable CT scanner, 3 Tesla MRI, 128 Slice CT scanner, DSA Lab, Endosonography, Hyperbaric Chamber and Fibro scan.

Fortis Memorial Research Institute, Gurugram

Hospital Highlights:

  • Fortis Memorial Research Institute is a multi-super-specialty, quaternary care hospital with 1000 beds. The hospital comprises reputed clinicians, and international faculty and is also equipped with cutting-edge technology. The hospital is a part of Fortis Healthcare Limited, a reputed chain of private hospitals in India.
  • It is a NABH-accredited hospital that is spread across 11 acres of land and has a capacity of 1000 beds. The hospital has 55 specialties and is one of the premier health care centers in the Asia Pacific region popularly known as “the Mecca of Healthcare”.
  • The hospital has 260 diagnostic centers and is also equipped with the latest and advanced techniques that include 3 Telsa which is the world’s first Digital MRI technology. The hospital also has world-class Radiation Therapy techniques which have been developed by leading technology experts from Elekta and Brain Lab.

Medanta-The Medicity, Gurgaon

Hospital Highlights:

  • One of India’s best and largest multi-specialty hospitals, Medanta was built with the aim to bring India to the highest standards of medical care. The hospital has been providing the best medical services to its patients, since its inception, with care, commitment, and compassion.
  • Equipped with 1250 beds, the hospital was founded by Dr. Naresh Trehan in the year 2009 with an aim to provide the best medical care at affordable costs. The hospital is spread across 43 acres and includes 45 operation theatres and 350 beds dedicated solely to ICU. The hospital includes over 800 doctors, and more than 22 specialty departments and has a dedicated floor for individual specialty in order to offer the best services under one roof.
  • The hospital is considered one of the premier institutes in India for Cardiac Care and includes staffs and members of high caliber. The hospital has 6 distinct centers of excellence.

Max Super Specialty Hospital, New Delhi

Hospital Highlights:

  • One of the well-regarded providers in India committed to the highest standards of clinical excellence and patient care, Max Super Specialty Hospital is a part of Max Healthcare, which is the second-largest healthcare chain in India. Regarded as one of the most well-regarded healthcare providers in the country, Max Super Specialty Hospital is committed to the highest standards of clinical excellence as well as patient care. The hospital is also equipped with the latest technology as well as cutting-edge research. The hospital is known to deliver and ensure the highest level of patient care.
  • The hospital has more than 500 beds and offers treatment for over 35 specialties. The hospital also holds the credit of having installed the first Brain Suite in Asia. This is a highly advanced Neurosurgical machine that allows MRI to be taken while surgery is ongoing.
  • Other advanced and latest technologies are also installed in the hospital such as the 1.5 Tesla MRI machine, 64 Slice CT Angiography, 4D ECHO, LINAC, and 3.5T MRI machine.

Apollo Hospital, Chennai

Hospital Highlights:

  • Apollo Hospitals, Chennai, is one of the best hospitals for heart care in India. Over the years, Apollo has expanded all over India, as a healthcare chain.
  • India’s first ‘Only Pancreas’ transplant was performed in Apollo Hospital. The hospital is known for successfully performing Asia’s first en-bloc combined heart and liver transplant, and over the years, it has attained a remarkable achievement in the global healthcare space. Around 3-4 organ transplants are performed in the hospital per day.
  • Equipped with over 500 beds, this hospital in Chennai was established in 1983 and since then has been among the most preferred hospital for patients from all over the world.
  • The hospital holds accreditation of the NABH and JCI and is the first hospital in India to be ISO 9001 and ISO 14001 certified. It is also the first South Indian Hospital to receive subsequent reaccreditation from the JCI USA 4 times.

Artemis Hospital, Gurugram

Hospital Highlights:

  • One of the most well-known hospitals in the Delhi NCR, Artemis Hospital is the first hospital in Gurugram to get accredited by the Joint Commission International.
  • With more than 40 specialties, the hospital has been designed to be one of the most technically advanced hospitals in the country, with the best medical and surgical health care. The hospital has eleven special and dedicated centers, for Heart, Cancer, Neurosciences, etc.
  • The latest technologies in the hospital include Endovascular Hybrid Operating Suite and Flat panel Cath Labs for the cardiovascular department, 3 Tesla MRI, 16 slice PET CT, 64 Slice Cardiac CT Scan, HDR Brachytherapy, and highly advanced Image Guided Radiation Therapy techniques (LINAC) are installed in the hospital.
  • The hospital has won several awards as well, since its inception.

BLK Max Super Specialty Hospital, New Delhi

Hospital Highlights:

  • Equipped with 650 beds, BLK Superspecialty Hospital is the largest stand-alone private sector hospital in Delhi. With over 1500 healthcare providers and 150 globally renowned super specialists, the hospital is one of Asia’s largest Bone Marrow Transplant Centres. The hospital is known for having some of the best cancer doctors in the country.
  • The hospital is NABH and NABL accredited and was inaugurated by the first Prime Minister of India. Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru. It is one of the largest tertiary care private hospitals in India which was spread across 5 acres and has a capacity of 650 beds.
  • The hospital has 80 consultation rooms spread across two floors, especially for OPD services.
  • With one of the largest critical care programs, the hospital is equipped with 125 ICU beds specifically dedicated to the surgical, medical, neonatal, cardiac, pediatric, neuroscience and organ transplant units.

CARE Hospitals, Hyderabad

Hospital Highlights:

  • CARE Hospitals were established in the year 2000, by CARE Group.
  • The multispecialty hospital has 435 beds, including 120 critical care beds, with an annual inflow of 180000 outpatients and 16,000 in-patients.
  • The hospital provides specialty medical services in Cardiology, Cardiothoracic Surgery, Pediatric Cardiology, Pediatric Cardiothoracic Surgery, Neurology, Neurosurgery, Nephrology, and Urology.
  • The hospital has the first dual source, 128 slice CT scanner (for high precision cardiac imaging) – the first of its kind in south India.
  • The hospital offers a wide range of accommodation facilities for the convenience of its varied patient base, ranging from general wards to super deluxe rooms.

Fortis Hiranandani Hospital, Mumbai

Hospital Highlights:

  • Fortis Hiranandani hospital was established in 2007.
  • The hospital is an advanced tertiary care, multi-specialty hospital equipped with 149 beds.
  • The hospital is equipped with a super ICU to provide emergency medical care to critically ill patients.
  • The hospital is NABH accredited.
  • The critical care facility in the hospital is augmented with the state-of-the-art facilities that facilitate speedier diagnosis and efficient monitoring.
  • The hospital provides specialty medical services in cardiology, orthopedic science, pediatric science, neurology, diabetic care, urology, nephrology, ENT, obstetrics, gynecology, cosmetic surgery, bariatric surgery, neuro and spine care.

Fortis Hospital, Anandpur, Kolkata

Hospital Highlights:

  • Fortis Hospital, Anandapur, Kolkata is a world-class super-speciality equipped with the latest technologies in the medical world.
  • The hospital is NABH accredited.
  • This state-of-the-art facility specializes in cardiology and cardiac surgery, urology, nephrology, neurosciences, orthopaedics, digestive care, emergency care and critical care.
  • The hospital, governed by integrated Building Management System (IBMS), has a pneumatic chute system, for quick vertical and horizontal transportation between floors, facilitating speedy transfer of patient specimens, documents, reports, and medicines to the concerned departments.
  • The hospital also has a nephrology department with over 28 advanced dialysis units.

Vaginal Cancer

Occurring in the vagina, vaginal cancer is a rare cancer. The vagina is a muscular tube connecting the uterus with the outer genitals. It mostly occurs in the cells lining the surface of the vagina called the birth canal. Primary vaginal cancer that begins from your vagina is rare. However, the other types of cancer spread from different parts of your body to the vagina. Vaginal cancer is difficult to treat if it spreads beyond the vagina.

Types of Vaginal Cancer

Depending upon the cell type of origin of cancer, the various types of vaginal cancer are:

  • Vaginal squamous cell carcinoma – It is the most common vaginal cancer. It begins in the flat, thin cells called squamous cells. The squamous cells form a lining on the surface of the vagina.
  • Vaginal melanoma – Melanocytes are the pigment-producing cells. This cancer occurs in these pigment-producing cells of the vagina.
  • Vaginal adenocarcinoma – The glandular cells are present on the surface of the vagina. This cancer begins in these glandular cells.
  • Vaginal sarcoma – This type of cancer develops either in the muscle cells or in connective tissue cells that present in the walls of the vagina.

Causes of Vaginal Cancer

Although doctors can’t figure out what exactly causes vaginal cancer, it begins when the healthy cells undergo genetic mutation. The normal cells turn into the abnormal cells because of this genetic mutation. The growth, multiplication, and death of the normal cells are at a set rate. However, growth & multiplication of cancer cells is beyond the control and these cells don’t die soon. The abnormal cells accumulate to form a tumor or mass. These cancer cells break off from the tumor or mass to invade the surrounding healthy tissues and spread to other parts of the body.

Symptoms of Vaginal Cancer

In the initial stages of vaginal cancer, the signs and symptoms are absent. However, they may develop and appear with the progression of cancer.

  • Watery vaginal discharge
  • Frequent urination
  • Unusual vaginal bleeding
  • Pain during urination
  • Pelvic pain
  • Mass or lump in the vagina
  • Constipation

Diagnosis of Vaginal Cancer

Screening for vaginal cancer

Before the signs and symptoms develop, your doctor may find vaginal cancer during a routine pelvic examination. For this, your doctor may examine your outer genitals followed by insertion of two fingers into your vagina while simultaneously pressing your abdomen with the other hand to feel your ovaries and uterus.

Inspection of vagina

Doctors use a special lighted magnifying instrument called a colposcope to examine your vagina. You might need to undergo colonoscopy for the inspection of the vagina and to allow your doctor to magnify the surface of the vagina. The instrument reveals areas with abnormal cells.

Vaginal tissue testing

Your doctor will ask you to undergo a biopsy. For this, he or she will remove a part of the suspected tissue to test for the presence of the cancer cells. He or she may take the sample during a colposcopy examination. Your doctor will send the sample of the tissue to the lab for the testing snd to detect the presence of cancer cells.

Imaging tests

You may have to undergo imaging tests that determine the spread of cancer. The different imaging tests are computerized tomography (CT) scans, positron emission tomography (PET), X-rays, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).

Tiny cameras for inspection

There are some procedures in which your doctor uses tiny cameras to view the inside of your body. It helps your doctor in determining the spread of cancer in various parts of the body. These tiny cameras also help your doctor to see the inside of your rectum (proctoscopy) and your bladder (cryptoscopy).

Treatment options for vaginal cancer

The type of vaginal cancer that you have and the staging of cancer determine the most viable treatment option for you. On the basis of goals of the treatment and the side effects of any specific treatment, your doctor can decide the treatment for you by taking your consent. It comprises radiation and surgery.

Radiation therapy

The therapy kills the cancer cells but may also cause side effects by damaging nearby cells. The intensity of radiation determines the side effects of radiation therapy. Your doctor will use high-powered energy beams to kill the cancer cells.

  • External Radiation- The doctor will direct the radiation towards your pelvis or abdomen, depending upon the extent of the cancer spread. Mostly, doctors treat women with external beam radiation.
  • Internal Radiation- In this, the doctor uses radioactive devices like wires or cylinders and place them in the vagina or the surrounding tissue. Most women with early-stage vaginal cancer undergo internal radiation treatment. However, some others may require external radiation followed by internal radiation.

Surgery

Removal of small tumors

Your doctor will cut away cancer limited to your vaginal surface along with the margin of surrounding healthy tissue. This ensures the removal of all the cancer cells in your body.

Vaginectomy

Removal of a part of your vagina is vaginectomy while the removal of the entire vagina is a radical vaginectomy. These surgeries are necessary for the removal of cancer from your body. Your doctor may suggest removing your uterus and ovaries (hysterectomy) or removing the nearby lymph nodes (lymphadenectomy) along with vaginectomy, depending on the spread of cancer in your body.

Pelvic exenteration

If cancer spreads throughout the pelvic region or there is a recurrence of vaginal cancer, then you might have to undergo an extensive surgery called pelvic exenteration. It is the removal of a majority of your pelvic organs.

Chemotherapy

The treatment requires the use of chemicals to kill the cells responsible for the spread of cancer. Doctors combine chemotherapy with radiation therapy for the effectiveness of the treatment. This is because it’s still not clear if chemotherapy treats vaginal cancer.

Palliative care

It is specialized medical care that emphasizes on providing pain relief and relief from other serious symptoms. Palliative care specialists provide extra care to support your ongoing treatment. The major goal of palliative care is to improve the lives of the patients and their families.

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