What is Bone Cancer?
Types of Bone Cancer
Secondary Bone Cancers
Secondary Bone Cancers also called as Bone Secondaries or Bone Metastasis are tumors that originated in some other organ (e.g., breast) and have metastated to the bones.
Signs & Symptoms of Bone Cancer
- Swelling & pain the area of the affected bone.
- Palpable hard mass or lump that can be felt in the limbs of the affected area.
- Weakening of bones leading to fracture
- Weight loss
Causes of Bone Cancer
Stages of Bone Cancer
Diagnosis of Bone Cancer
Limb sparing surgical resection
Limb sparing surgical resection involves the surgical removal of the disease while preserving the affected limb.
Bone grafting is the process by which new bone is surgically placed around fractures to increase the healing.
Surgical removal of affected tissues.
In cases where the bone in the arms or legs is severely diseased, amputation may be needed. This is the last resort considered.
Chemotherapy is the use of anti-cancer drug that helps to slow or stop the growth of rapidly dividing cells that cause cancer. It prevents the growth of rapidly dividing cells by killing the dividing cells. Chemotherapy is often used in combination with other interventions such as surgery or radiation and other therapies.
Sometimes, chemotherapy is administered prior to a surgery, like therapy can be used to shrink a tumour before surgery. This is called as Neo-adjuvant Therapy. And when chemotherapy is used to remove any remaining cancer cells after surgery, this is known as Adjuvant Chemotherapy.
What are the early signs of bone cancer?
Bone pain, swelling and tenderness near the affected area & weakened bone leading to fracture.
Can osteoporosis be mistaken for bone cancer?
Most of the people who have osteoporosis are women over the age of 50, but men can also suffer from this condition. It is especially difficult to distinguish bone metastasis from osteoporosis for older women with breast cancer.