Best Doctors in India for Pulmonary Hypertension Treatment

Profile Highlights:

  • Dr. Rajesh Sharma is one of the most experienced and widely acclaimed Cardiothoracic and Vascular surgeons specializing in pediatric cardiac surgery in India.
  • He provides treatment for both adult and pediatric heart diseases and disorders and focuses primarily on complex congenital heart diseases.
  • Dr. Sharma’s expertise lies in infant and Neonatal cardiac surgery, surgery for transposition of the great arteries, Fontan circulation, and acquired heart diseases.
  • His experiences encompass over 3 decades during which he has performed over 20,000 heart surgeries including congenital heart disorders as well as acquired heart defects.
  • Dr. Rajesh Sharma did his fellowship training in pediatric cardiovascular surgery from premier institutes in the USA and has used his knowledge and skills to take up several complex cardiac cases and deliver excellent results.
  • Along with his practice, Dr. Sharma has also been involved in teaching and training undergraduate and postgraduate students and started his career as a faculty with AIIMS, Delhi. He has also mentored cardiac surgery trainees who are now well-established surgeons in various parts of India.
  • Dr. Rajesh Sharma has contributed immensely to the field of pediatric cardiac surgery in India and has various publications to his name in renowned national and international scientific journals.

Profile Highlights:

  • Dr. Krishna Subramony Iyer is one of the best Pediatric Cardiac surgeons in India and specializes in congenital heart diseases.
  • He has been practicing pediatric cardiac surgery for over 4 decades and has performed more than 10,000 surgeries through various procedures like double switch operation TAPVC repairs, Fontan and Fontan, arterial switch, and DORV.
  • Dr. Iyer has been associated with Escorts Heart Institute for a long time and is responsible for establishing the first pediatric cardiac care program in North India in 1995.

Profile Highlights:

  • Dr. Kulbhushan Singh Dagar, a pioneer and an expert in the cardiology field earned his reputation through his exceptional performance in the field of complex congenital heart defects, especially for newborns.
  • With over 21 years of experience, Dr. Dagar has dedicatedly performed complex surgical procedures by implementing innovative techniques and cutting-edge technologies in his procedures and is currently considered an asset to the cardiac industry, not just nationally, but internationally too!

Profile Highlights:

  • Dr. Ashutosh Marwah is one of the best child heart specialists in India, having experience of over 26 years.
  • He was the former Assistant Director of Jaypee Hospital and is now practicing at Indraprastha Apollo Hospital in New Delhi.
  • Dr. Ashutosh Marwah has expertise in treating complex cardiac defects, Interventional & perioperative cardiac catheterizations, dilatation stenting, fetal echocardiography, Aortic Aneurysm, and Stent implantation.
  • He has Fellowships in Pediatric Cardiology from reputed hospitals like Escorts Heart Institute, Delhi, and Royal Children’s Hospital, Melbourne, improvised his skills.
  • Dr. Marwah published multiple research papers and articles in reputed medical journals of India and abroad. He is also a member of the Lions Club of Dar Es Salaam.

Profile Highlights:

  • Dr. Sandeep Attawar is a highly recognized Heart and Lung transplant surgeon in India who has over 2 decades of experience as a cardiac surgeon and has performed more than 10,000 cardiac surgeries on adult and pediatric patients.
  • Dr. Attawar specializes in all types of surgeries for adults as well as pediatric heart patients and finds interest in heart and lung transplant surgery, congenital heart surgery, Aortic aneurysm repair, and implantation of heart failure devices.

Profile Highlights:

  • Dr. K K Saxena is one of the top cardiologists in India, having nearly 36 years of experience in this field.
  • He is a senior consultant for interventional cardiology at Indraprastha Apollo Hospital in New Delhi.
  • Dr. Saxena diagnoses and treats cardiovascular problems in kids and adults. He is specialized in balloon dilation of the mitral and pulmonary valves, the renal and peripheral arteries, and aortic coarctation.
  • Dr. Saxena and his team performed several cardiac catheterizations and pacemaker implantations.
  • Prior to joining Apollo hospital, Dr. K K Saxena worked at many national and international hospitals.
  • He also completed research in interventional cardiology at the Royal Adelaide Hospital, Australia.

Profile Highlights:

  • Dr. Muthukumaran C S is one of the finest Heart Specialists in India. He has successfully operated on more than 2500 cardiac catheterizations in children, 1000 AD closures, 250 VSD closures, and 700 PDA closures.
  • The Medical practitioner has been associated with various reputed hospitals in India. Dr. Muthukumaran C S has been associated with many hospitals over the course of his illustrious and experienced career.

Profile Highlights:

  • Dr. Rajeev Kumar Rajput is one of the best Cardiologists in India with nearly 23 years of experience. He is a clinical cardiologist engaged in diagnosing and treating cardiovascular diseases.
  • Dr. Rajput is currently working as a senior consultant with Indraprastha Apollo Hospitals, New Delhi, and also offers patient care at the Heart & Gynae Clinic.
  • Dr. Rajeev Kumar Rajput specializes in Angiography and Interventional Cardiology. The treatments provided involve Neonatal and Infant cardiac surgeries, Device Closure, and Valve replacement. He has expertise in Aortic Aneurysm Surgery, Vascular Surgery, Percutaneous Coronary Interventions, Endovascular Repair, Cardiac Catheterisation, Open Heart Surgery, and MV replacement.
  • Dr. Rajput is credited with publishing several papers in noted medical journals.

Profile Highlights:

  • Dr. Snehal Kulkarni is a renowned pediatric cardiologist who specializes in the management and treatment of fetal cardiac diseases, non-invasive pediatric cardiology, and Adult Congenital heart diseases.
  • She is an expert in Diagnostic and Interventional Cardiac Catheterization, Stent implantation, Cardiac Pathology, and Balloon dilatation.
  • She has more than 2 decades of experience in pediatric cardiology and has acquired her training from prestigious institutions in USA.

Profile Highlights:

  • Dr. K R Balakrishnan is a highly coveted cardiac surgeon in India and is probably one of the best heart transplant surgeons in the country.
  • He has performed the largest number of heart transplants in the country including 180+ heart transplants, 23 lung transplants, and 9 heart & lung transplant procedures. He performed the first permanent artificial heart transplant in India with HeartMate II LVAD.
  • Dr. K R Balakrishnan has over 40 years of experience in the field and has the expertise to perform cardiac surgeries on patients of all ages. He has performed over 16000 cardiac surgeries for various types of heart diseases and disorders till date.

Best Hospitals in India for Pulmonary Hypertension Treatment

Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, New Delhi

Hospital Highlights:

  • Indraprastha Apollo Hospital is a 700-bedded multispecialty hospital in the heart of the capital of India. It is a part of Apollo Hospital group, one of India’s most reputed healthcare chains. Indraprastha Apollo Hospital has been accredited by Joint Commission International, making it the first internationally accredited hospital in the country in 2005.
  • There are 52 specialties in the hospital with one of the best cardiology centers in the country. The hospital is also equipped with State of the art infrastructure facilities with the largest Sleep Lab in Asia and the largest number of ICU bed facilities in India.
  • The hospital also has one of the largest dialysis units in India along with a dedicated Bone Marrow Transplant unit.
  • The latest and highly advanced technologies that are installed in the hospital include Da Vinci Robotic Surgery System, PET-MR, PET-CT, Cobalt-based HDR Brachytherapy, Brain Lab Navigation System, Tilting MRI, Portable CT scanner, 3 Tesla MRI, 128 Slice CT scanner, DSA Lab, Endosonography, Hyperbaric Chamber and Fibro scan.

Fortis Memorial Research Institute, Gurugram

Hospital Highlights:

  • Fortis Memorial Research Institute is a multi-super-specialty, quaternary care hospital with 1000 beds. The hospital comprises reputed clinicians, and international faculty and is also equipped with cutting-edge technology. The hospital is a part of Fortis Healthcare Limited, a reputed chain of private hospitals in India.
  • It is a NABH-accredited hospital that is spread across 11 acres of land and has a capacity of 1000 beds. The hospital has 55 specialties and is one of the premier health care centers in the Asia Pacific region popularly known as “the Mecca of Healthcare”.
  • The hospital has 260 diagnostic centers and is also equipped with the latest and advanced techniques that include 3 Telsa which is the world’s first Digital MRI technology. The hospital also has world-class Radiation Therapy techniques which have been developed by leading technology experts from Elekta and Brain Lab.

Apollo Hospital, Chennai

Hospital Highlights:

  • Apollo Hospitals, Chennai, is one of the best hospitals for heart care in India. Over the years, Apollo has expanded all over India, as a healthcare chain.
  • India’s first ‘Only Pancreas’ transplant was performed in Apollo Hospital. The hospital is known for successfully performing Asia’s first en-bloc combined heart and liver transplant, and over the years, it has attained a remarkable achievement in the global healthcare space. Around 3-4 organ transplants are performed in the hospital per day.
  • Equipped with over 500 beds, this hospital in Chennai was established in 1983 and since then has been among the most preferred hospital for patients from all over the world.
  • The hospital holds accreditation of the NABH and JCI and is the first hospital in India to be ISO 9001 and ISO 14001 certified. It is also the first South Indian Hospital to receive subsequent reaccreditation from the JCI USA 4 times.

Medanta-The Medicity, Gurgaon

Hospital Highlights:

  • One of India’s best and largest multi-specialty hospitals, Medanta was built with the aim to bring India to the highest standards of medical care. The hospital has been providing the best medical services to its patients, since its inception, with care, commitment, and compassion.
  • Equipped with 1250 beds, the hospital was founded by Dr. Naresh Trehan in the year 2009 with an aim to provide the best medical care at affordable costs. The hospital is spread across 43 acres and includes 45 operation theatres and 350 beds dedicated solely to ICU. The hospital includes over 800 doctors, and more than 22 specialty departments and has a dedicated floor for individual specialty in order to offer the best services under one roof.
  • The hospital is considered one of the premier institutes in India for Cardiac Care and includes staffs and members of high caliber. The hospital has 6 distinct centers of excellence.

Max Super Specialty Hospital, New Delhi

Hospital Highlights:

  • One of the well-regarded providers in India committed to the highest standards of clinical excellence and patient care, Max Super Specialty Hospital is a part of Max Healthcare, which is the second-largest healthcare chain in India. Regarded as one of the most well-regarded healthcare providers in the country, Max Super Specialty Hospital is committed to the highest standards of clinical excellence as well as patient care. The hospital is also equipped with the latest technology as well as cutting-edge research. The hospital is known to deliver and ensure the highest level of patient care.
  • The hospital has more than 500 beds and offers treatment for over 35 specialties. The hospital also holds the credit of having installed the first Brain Suite in Asia. This is a highly advanced Neurosurgical machine that allows MRI to be taken while surgery is ongoing.
  • Other advanced and latest technologies are also installed in the hospital such as the 1.5 Tesla MRI machine, 64 Slice CT Angiography, 4D ECHO, LINAC, and 3.5T MRI machine.

Artemis Hospital, Gurugram

Hospital Highlights:

  • One of the most well-known hospitals in the Delhi NCR, Artemis Hospital is the first hospital in Gurugram to get accredited by the Joint Commission International.
  • With more than 40 specialties, the hospital has been designed to be one of the most technically advanced hospitals in the country, with the best medical and surgical health care. The hospital has eleven special and dedicated centers, for Heart, Cancer, Neurosciences, etc.
  • The latest technologies in the hospital include Endovascular Hybrid Operating Suite and Flat panel Cath Labs for the cardiovascular department, 3 Tesla MRI, 16 slice PET CT, 64 Slice Cardiac CT Scan, HDR Brachytherapy, and highly advanced Image Guided Radiation Therapy techniques (LINAC) are installed in the hospital.
  • The hospital has won several awards as well, since its inception.

BLK Max Super Specialty Hospital, New Delhi

Hospital Highlights:

  • Equipped with 650 beds, BLK Superspecialty Hospital is the largest stand-alone private sector hospital in Delhi.
  • With over 1500 healthcare providers and 150 globally renowned super specialists, the hospital is one of Asia’s largest Bone Marrow Transplant Centres. The hospital is known for having some of the best cancer doctors in the country.
  • The hospital is NABH and NABL accredited and was inaugurated by the first Prime Minister of India. Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru.

Gleneagles Global Hospitals, Chennai

Hospital Highlights:

  • Established in 1999, Gleneagles Global Hospital, Chennai, is one of the top healthcare facilities in Southern India. It is part of the Gleneagles Hospital Chain, which is the fourth largest healthcare chain in the country. The hospital specializes in multi-organ transplants of kidneys, liver, lungs, heart, etc.
  • The hospital has an excellent infrastructure and state-of-the-art lab and equipment set-up. The hospital boasts cutting-edge technologies, a highly skilled team of doctors and surgeons, and trained support staff. Located in Perumbakam, Chennai, it is one of India’s premier health care destinations. The hospital has performed some of the most complex surgical and clinical procedures in India including multi-organ transplantations.
  • The hospital’s lung transplantation program is one of the best in the country. The hospital is known for having performed India’s first single lung transplant and first minimal invasive lung transplant. It is also the only Indian hospital to be associated with King’s College Hospital, London, United Kingdom for liver transplantations.

Fortis Hospital, Mulund, Mumbai

Hospital Highlights:

  • Fortis Hospital in Mulund is a 315-bed multi-speciality tertiary care hospital with five JCI accreditations that offers a wide variety of diagnostic and therapeutic services. The Fortis Hospital in Mulund delivers patient-centred treatment with cutting-edge technology, highly skilled and experienced surgeons, and paramedical staff.
  • This institution houses Maharashtra’s largest multi-organ transplant centre. It is also the first heart transplant centre in western India to conduct 100 or more consecutive heart transplants in under four years. It is the only hospital in the city to have multi-organ transplants and has handled the youngest patient for angioplasty. Fortis Hospital Mulund now boasts the first advanced surgical robot in central Mumbai.
  • Cardiology and heart surgery, urology, nephrology, neurosciences, orthopaedics, digestive care, emergency and critical care, and maternity care are among the services provided by the hospital.

Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, Mumbai

Hospital Highlights:

  • Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital, Named after the wife of Indian industrialist Dhirubhai Ambani, the founder of Reliance Industries, this is one of the top hospitals in Mumbai. This 750-bed multi-specialty hospital became operational in 2009. Known as one of India’s most advanced tertiary care facilities, the hospital is designed to raise India’s global standing as a healthcare hub, with an emphasis on excellence in clinical services.
  • Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital uses Protocol and Care Pathway based treatment models to ensure the best outcomes for patients.
  • The hospital represents a confluence of top-notch talent, cutting-edge technology, state-of-the-art infrastructure, and, most importantly commitment.
  • The hospital also holds the accreditation of the NABH, NABL, CAP, and JCI.
  • The hospital has been recognized as the No. 1 Multispecialty Hospital in Mumbai and the West Zone for the fifth year in a row in 2020 by The Week.

Pulmonary Hypertension

Pulmonary Hypertension is a type of high blood pressure that affects your arteries in the lungs as well as the right side of the heart. This condition is life-threatening and it generally gets worse over time. However, treatments can help you to lessen your symptoms so that you can live better with the disease. Although it may take some time, patients are generally able to live life normally, the way they did before their diagnosis.

In this condition, the tiny arteries in your lungs get narrow or blocked, which makes it harder for the blood to flow through them, which causes the blood pressure in your lungs to rise. This makes your heart work harder to pump blood through those arteries, and after a while the muscle of the heart gets weak. Eventually, it leads to heart failure.


The signs and symptoms of pulmonary hypertension develop slowly, and it takes take months or sometimes even years, for you to notice them. As the disease progresses, the symptoms get worse.

The symptoms of pulmonary hypertension include:

  • Fatigue
  • Chest pressure or pain
  • Dizziness or fainting spells
  • Swelling in your ankles and legs, and eventually in the abdomen
  • Racing pulse or heart palpitations
  • Bluish color to your lips and skin

Causes & risk factors

Sometimes your doctors are unable to find the reason for your high blood pressure in your lungs. In such cases, the condition is termed idiopathic pulmonary hypertension. Genes might play a role in why some people get this illness.

Sometimes, another condition can also lead to pulmonary hypertension, which can include any of these:

  • Congestive heart failure
  • Liver disease
  • Lupus, scleroderma, rheumatoid arthritis, and other autoimmune diseases
  • Blood clots in the lungs
  • HIV
  • Lung diseases like emphysema, chronic bronchitis, or pulmonary fibrosis
  • Sleep apnea
  • Illegal drug use
  • A heart defect you’re born with


Having a family history of pulmonary hypertension, being obese or overweight, exposure to asbestos, taking illegal drugs such as cocaine, living at a high altitude, are some of the factors that can increase your risk of developing pulmonary hypertension.


It is generally hard to diagnose this condition early as it is often not detected during a routine physical exam. Even when the condition is more advanced, this condition shows signs and symptoms that are similar to those of other heart and lung conditions.

Your doctor is first going to perform a physical exam and then talk to you regarding your signs and symptoms. You will be asked questions regarding your medical and family history.

Some of the tests that your doctor can order might include any of the following:

Blood tests

A blood test helps your doctor to determine the cause of pulmonary hypertension as well as to look for signs of complications.

Chest X-ray

A chest X-ray is able to create pictures of your lungs, chest, and your heart. It is also able to show an enlargement of the right ventricle of the heart or the pulmonary arteries, which might occur in pulmonary hypertension. A chest X-ray can also be used to check for other lung conditions which can lead to pulmonary hypertension.

Electrocardiogram (ECG)

This is a noninvasive test that can show electrical patterns of your heart and can detect any abnormal heartbeats as well. It might reveal signs of right ventricle enlargement as well as strain.


Sound waves can help to create moving images of your beating heart. An echocardiogram is able to let your doctor see how well your heart and its valves are functioning. Your doctor may also use it to determine the size and thickness of your right ventricle or to measure the pressure in your pulmonary arteries. Sometimes, an echocardiogram is done as you exercise on a stationary bike or treadmill to understand how well your heart can work while you are performing any activity. You may be asked to wear a mask as well, which can check how well your heart and lungs use oxygen and carbon dioxide. An echocardiogram is sometimes done after diagnosis as well so that your doctor is able to assess how effectively your treatments are working.

Right heart catheterization

If your echocardiogram reveals pulmonary hypertension, you are likely going to need a right heart catheterization in order to confirm the diagnosis. During this test, a cardiologist is going to place a thin, flexible tube or catheter into a vein in your neck or groin. This catheter is next threaded into the right ventricle and pulmonary artery. Right heart catheterization can also help your doctor to measure the pressure in the main pulmonary arteries and right ventricle of the heart directly. It can also help him/her understand what kind of effects different medications might have on your pulmonary hypertension. Your doctor can also order a few more tests which can include a CT scan, an MRI, a pulmonary function test, a polysomnogram, or an open lung biopsy.


Pulmonary hypertension differs from person to person, and this is why your treatment plan will need to be specific to your needs. Generally, first, the doctor treats the cause of your condition. For example, if your problem is caused by another condition such as emphysema, then he/she will focus on treating it, to improve your pulmonary hypertension.

Many people also receive oxygen therapy, which is a form of treatment to improve their breathing. It can be extremely beneficial if you are short of breath, or if you have low oxygen levels in your blood. It can also help you live longer if you are having pulmonary hypertension. If you are at risk for blood clots, then your doctor might also recommend blood thinners.

Atrial septostomy

If medications don’t help your condition, then this open-heart surgery can be an option. This procedure involves your surgeon creating an opening between the upper left and right chambers of your heart, to relieve the pressure on the right side of your heart. It is to be noted, however, that this treatment may lead to serious complications, such as arrhythmia, heart rhythm problems.

Lung Transplant

In some cases, a lung or heart-lung transplant can be an option, especially for younger people who have idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension.

There are certain major risks to organ transplantation. This includes rejection of the transplanted organ, as well as a serious infection. You might also need to take immunosuppressant drugs for life in order to reduce the chances of rejection.


Some of the complications that this condition can lead to include:

  • Right-sided heart enlargement and heart failure
  • Arrhythmia
  • Bleeding in the lungs
  • Complications during pregnancy

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