A stroke is a medical condition in which poor blood flow to the brain results in cell death. There are two main types of stroke:
- Ischemic stroke, due to lack of blood flow and
- Hemorrhagic stroke, due to bleeding.
Surgeries for Stroke:
Mechanical Embolectomy is a minimally invasive surgery. In this procedure, a tiny plastic tube is inserted into an artery within the upper part of the leg. Using X-ray technology, a surgeon then guides the tube into the obstructed artery of the brain. Once the tube is in place, the surgeon will then use a device that is slipped inside the tube and transferred to the blockage, where it will be flushed out or reclaimed.
A Hemicraniectomy is a major surgical operation during which a section (half or greater) of the patient’s skull is removed to allow the swelling in the brain to increase past the limitation of the cranium.
Carotid Angioplasty and Stent
A Carotid Angioplasty is a procedure that opens and reduces congestion within the carotid artery—the major artery which allows blood flow to the brain.
This operation completely eradicates any blockage in the artery and expands it. A surgeon will remove any plaque on the arterial walls so that blood flows smoothly to the brain.
Cerebral Revascularization (Bypass Surgery)
Cerebral Revascularization also known as Bypass Surgery is a procedure where a new blood supply is connected to the part of the brain that is cut off from blood flow.